2 edition of Oil Shale and cannel coal found in the catalog.
Oil Shale and cannel coal
Conference on Oil Shale and Cannel Coal (1st 1938 Glasgow)
by Institute of Petroleum
Written in English
|Contributions||Institute of Petroleum.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xix,476p.,1fold leaf,3 leaves of plates|
|Number of Pages||476|
The Alpha deposit consists of two seams: an upper seam consisting of cannel coal shale and a lower seam consisting of torbanite oil shale lens enclosed in cannel coal shale. The torbanite is an. Oil shale has received many different names over the years, such as cannel coal, boghead coal, alum shale, stellarite, albertite, kerosene shale, bituminite, gas coal, algal coal, wollongite, schistes bitumineux, torbanite, and kukersite. Some of these .
Oil shale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The most commonly used classification of oil shales, developed between and by Adrian C. Hutton, adapts petrographic terms from . Report on Certain Lands Leased for Oil and Gas Near Cannel City, Morgan County, Kentucky Preview this book acres anticlinal appears barrel base Bath county beds Berea grit black shale Caney Cannel City cannel coal Cincinnati Clinton close coal measures coal seam comes continue Corniferous creek crest crosses depend depths developed.
The recovery of oil from oil shale by in situ combustion requires fracturing oil shale under ground to establish permeability and passing air through the fractured shale to support a combustion front. Shale Oil Production Processes. Year: Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing. Language: english. coal plant liquid thermal tons oxygen resource chemical environmental scouten Post a Review You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your.
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Get this from a library. Oil shale and cannel coal: proceedings of a conference held in Scotland, June [Institute of Petroleum (Great Britain);]. Oil Shale and Cannel Coal [Vol. 2] Hardcover – January 1, See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.
Price New from Used from Hardcover, January 1, "Please retry" — Manufacturer: Institute of Petroleum. The terrestrial type is also called cannel coal. Lacustrine oil shale is lipid-rich organic matter derived from algae that lived in freshwater or brackish or saline lakes.
Lacustrine oil shales are subdivided into lamonsite and torbanite. Lamonsite is a black oil shale in which the chief component is lamalginite derived from planktonic algae. Geological Overview of Oil Shale. Oil shale, heavy oil, and coal are all abundant in North America.
shales, siliceous shales, or cannel shales. Another classification, known as the van. Sohrab Zendehboudi PhD, Alireza Bahadori PhD, CEng, in Shale Oil and Gas Handbook, 6 Types and Source of Shale Oil.
Shale oil is also known by various names such as cannel coal, boghead coal, alum Oil Shale and cannel coal book, stellarite, albertite, kerosene shale, bituminite, gas coal, algal coal, wolongite, schistes bitumineux, torbanite, and kukersite. The classification of shale oil is mainly on the basis.
The precursors to terrestrial oil shale (sometimes referred to as cannel coal) were deposited in stagnant, oxygen-depleted waters on land (such as coal-forming swamps and bogs). Cannel coal is brown to black oil shale composed of resins, spores, waxes, and cutinaceous and corky materials derived from terrestrial vascular plants, together with Author: James G.
Speight. The kindred boghead coal varieties are composed of algal and fungal materials: they include torbanite, the oil shale coal of the Midland Valley of Scotland.
Cannel coal is widely distributed, occurring for instance in deposits in North America (e.g., Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Texas and Nova Scotia), Europe (Wales and England, U.K.; Poland), South. From inside the book. Glen shale Goulburn River Greta Coal Measures Hartley Vale high-grade oil shale IIII Illawarra Coal Measures inferior oil Joadja Katoomba Kerosene Marangaroo Marrangaroo Conglomerate Mines N.S.
Mount Kembla Murrurundi Narrabeen Group Narrow Neck Newnes Newnes—Glen Davis oil per tonne oil shale Oil shale occurs.
Oil and retortable materials; a handbook on the utilisation of coal, torbanite, cannel and oil shale. The term oil shale is often described as a misnomer, in that the organic component is primarily kerogen, not oil and the mineral matrix is not necessarily clay mineral-rich, but can include a variety of different phases (Miknis and McKay ).Oil shales are essentially a type of petroleum source rock, the key differences being that: (1) oil shales have not been.
Cannel coal is brown to black oil shale. It is derived from resins, spores, waxes, and cutinaceous and corky materials of terrestrial vascular plants.
Cannel coal was accumulated in ponds and shallow lakes in peat-forming swamps and bogs of the Carboniferous age under oxygen-deficient conditions. H.R.J. Conacher, ‘Dr James Young–A Brief Biography’, in Oil Shale and Cannel Coal, Institute of Petroleum (London, ) pp.
1–2. Google Scholar. One such classification gives a primary grouping of humic coal, oil shale, and bitumen-impregnated rock. Oil shale can be further subdivided into six types - cannel coal.
Because of its high oil content, cannel coal is classified as terrestrial oil shale. Cannel coal is a type of bituminous coal, which is also known as “soft coal” and consists of approximately % carbon. Beds of regular bituminous coal could be found in the Cannelton hills alongside the cannel coal veins.
The cannel coal was fed into the retort by a rotating screw and the “residence” or “dwell” time (ie. the length of time the coal or shale remained in the retort under heat) was 16 to 24 hours. The oil yield from cannel coal exceeded gallons per ton. From Summary: "This report describes the analysis if shale-oil naphthas and discusses their composition, based on investigation by the Federal Bureau of Mines.
Individual compounds identified in this investigation. are listed, together with those reported previously in the literature. Also, quantitative data are given on the occurrence of individual compounds and groups of related compounds."Cited by: 4.
The surrounding area was hugely rich in oil shale. This provided lower yields of oil than cannel coal, but it was cheap and easy to extract, and provided the basis of an industry that for 50 years or more from mined 3 million tonnes of oil shale each year from under West Lothian.
Coal oil is a colorless oil that is distilled from bituminous coal and used as a fuel for lamps. Chemically, coal oil is similar to kerosene.
Coal oil is a shale oil. It is obtained from the distillation of cannel coal, mineral wax, and bituminous shale. Coal oil has higher boiling point /5(30). In the 19th century, the term petroleum was often used to refer to mineral oils produced by distillation from mined organic solids such as cannel coal (and later oil shale) and refined oils produced from them; in the United Kingdom, storage (and later transport) of these oils were regulated by a series of Petroleum Acts, from the Petroleum Act.
The gradational interrelationship of coal with cannel, boghead, torbanite, and oil shale is reemphasized in view of contrary opinions expressed recently. An example from South Africa that has recently been studied in some detail is cited in illustration of how closely coal and torbanite may be by: 3.
Scottish oil shale workers. April 8, April 8, in that a Scottish chemist who attracted the name James ‘Paraffin’ Young developed a method of making paraffin oil, lubricants and wax from cannel coal – a soft rock that has the qualities of both coal and shale.
After Young’s patents ran out inother Scottish shale oil.coal, asphalt, coal-tars, and even shale. But a new era began when Edwin Drake successfully produced commercially usable quantities of crude oil from a foot well in Pennsylvania in From the beginning, this was recognized as an extremely valuable commodity, as Derrick’s Hand-Book of Petroleum (, p.
) described:File Size: KB. The purpose of this report is to discuss the geology and resources of some selected deposits of oil shale in varied geologic settings from different parts of the world.
This report also presents new information on selected oil-shale deposits that was not available at the time Russell's book on world oil shales was published (Russell, ).